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The Context and Origins of the Brazilian Torpedo Boat Goyaz, 1907
O contexto e as origens da Torpedeira brasileira Goyaz, 1907


Roger Dence
Independent maritime history researcher and a member of the Society for Nautical Research. He studied
for an MA in the History of War at King’s College, London, UK, where his dissertation focused
on British Merchant Shipping in the Russo-Japanese War 1904-05. Previously he worked in technical
journalism, in high-technology fields in public relations, marketing and management roles, and as a
lecturer in management education and e-learning researcher.


ABSTRACT
Two experimental vessels of first-class torpedoboat design were launched by the British
shipbuilder Yarrow in 1903-1904. These were
turbine-powered vessels of a type of small,
fast warship that had been of growing interest
to the world’s navies since the invention of
the Whitehead self-propelled torpedo in 1877.
During the Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905,
British shipbuilders were prohibited from
accepting orders for vessels of war or equipping
such vessels for sale to belligerents. However,
the first of the two Yarrow vessels, which became
known as the Caroline, was purchased as an
unarmed ‘fast steam yacht’ by two middlemen
acting on behalf of Russia in September 1904.
After ‘escaping’ from the Thames and sailing
to Libau in Baltic Russia, the vessel was taken
into Russian naval service. The second vessel,
known as the Jeanne, was intended to be
purchased in the same way, but this further sale
was halted by the British Government’s earlier
actions. After remaining in Yarrow’s ownership
for another two years, the Jeanne was bought
in 1907 by the Brazilian Navy as a torpedo boat
and training ship and renamed BNS Goyaz.


PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Yarrow & Company; turbineengined torpedo boat; ‘steam yacht’ Caroline; ‘steam yacht’ Jeanne; Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905; Brazilian Navy torpedo boat Goyaz

(Veja o artigo na íntegra na versão PDF)




RESUMO
Dois navios experimentais com projeto de
torpedeiras de primeira classe foram lançados
pelo estaleiro naval britânico Yarrow entre 1903-
1904. Eram um tipo de navio de guerra pequeno
e rápido movidos a turbina, que interessavam
cada vez mais às marinhas do mundo desde
a invenção do torpedo autopropulsionado
Whitehead em 1877. Durante a Guerra Russo-
Japonesa de 1904-1905, os construtores navais
britânicos foram proibidos de aceitar pedidos da
parte dos beligerantes de navios de guerra ou de
equipá-los. No entanto, o primeiro dos dois navios
Yarrow, que ficou conhecido como Caroline, foi
comprado como “iate rápido a vapor” desarmado
por dois intermediários que atuavam em nome da
Rússia em setembro de 1904. Depois de “fugir”
do Tamisa e navegar para Libau na Rússia Báltica,
o navio foi levado para o serviço naval russo. O
segundo navio, conhecido como Jeanne, deveria
ser comprado da mesma maneira, mas essa
venda adicional foi interrompida pelo governo
britânico. Após permanecer sob propriedade da
Yarrow por mais dois anos, o Jeanne foi comprado
em 1907 pela Marinha do Brasil como torpedeira e
navio de treinamento e renomeado como Goyaz..

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Yarrow & Company;
Torpedeira movida a turbina; Iate a vapor
Caroline; Iate a vapor Jeanne; Guerra Russo-
Japonesa 1904-1905; Torpedeira Goyaz